BRAIN and BEHAVIOR INITIATIVE WEEKLY DIGEST

May 28, 2019


News

Because mild Traumatic Brain Injuries can be experienced without presenting obvious signs of head trauma or facial lacerations, they are the most difficult type to diagnose at the time of the injury and patients themselves may perceive the impact as mild or harmless. But one new technology relays data wirelessly in real-time via a “smart” helmet and then integrates this information into a machine-learning based decision-making framework that can help detect the severity of the original impact.
While the peripheral taste system has been extensively investigated, relatively little is known about the contribution of central nervous system gustatory neurons in the sensation of taste. Now, fueled by knowledge of the appropriate molecular markers and by new imaging methods involving cell ablation, in vivo calcium imaging, and optogenetics, researchers have identified neurons in the brainstem that are responsible for encoding sweet tastes.
Neuroscience is working to conquer some of the human body's cruelest conditions: paralysis, brain disease, and schizophrenia. Researchers have developed a brain-computer interface the size of a baby aspirin that can restore mobility to people with paralysis or amputated limbs. It rewires neural messages from the brain's motor cortex to a robotic arm, or reroutes it to the person's own muscles.
Engineers have crafted a robotic leg driven by animal-like tendons that can perform tasks which were never programmed. The designed algorithm functions in a manner that the limb learns to walk in a duration of five minutes and can then perform other related tasks without any specific programming.
Researchers have created a method for mapping how the central nervous system develops by tracking the genes expressed in cells. The technique follows the activity of the genes used by individual cells during development. This kind of roadmap could be used to develop future regenerative treatments for blinding and other neurological diseases.
It’s impossible to separate the elements of learning science from each other.  Neuroscience and psychology are interwoven aspects of cognition, and neither exists without the other. Learning science takes into consideration structure and function of learning processes, and it considers which instructional strategies are most effective and when they should be used.

Calendar of Events

Special BBI Seminar
Speaker: Geoffrey Schoenbaum (National Institute of Drug Abuse)
Title: TBA
Date: Thursday, May 30, 2019
Time: 11:00 a.m.
Location: 0201 Edward St. John Center

Funding Announcements

Listed in order of deadline; FOA new this week are highlighted below:

Soliciting Applications for the BRAIN Advanced Postdoctoral Career Transition Award to Promote Diversity (K99/R00). Application due: June 12, 2019.

Next Generation Networks for Neuroscience (NeuroNex) (NSF 19-563). Preliminary proposal due: June 14, 2019; Full proposal due: December 13, 2019.

The Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology is an international research prize of $25,000. Since 2002, it has been awarded annually to one young scientist who is not older than 35 years for the most outstanding neurobiological research based on methods of molecular and cell biology. Application due: June 15, 2019.

Limited Competitions for Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study:
Linked Research Project Sites (Collaborative U01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) (RFA-DA-20-002). Application due: July 24, 2019.
Data Analysis, Informatics and Resource Center (U24 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) (RFA-DA-20-003). Application due: July 24, 2019.
Coordinating Center (U24 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) (RFA-DA-20-004). Application due: July 24, 2019.

The Office of Strategic Coordination invites DP5 applications for NIH Director’s Early Independence Awards (RFA-RM-19-008) to support investigators who wish to pursue independent research essentially after completion of their terminal doctoral/research degree or end of post-graduate clinical training, thereby forgoing the traditional post-doctoral training period and accelerating their entry into an independent research career. Letter of intent due: August 13, 2019; applications due: September 13, 2019.

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for BRAIN Initiative: Proof of Concept Development of Early Stage Next Generation Human Brain Imaging (R01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) (NOT-EB-19-010). Estimated publication date of FOA: June 03, 2019. First estimated application due: September 03, 2019.

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for BRAIN Initiative: Development of Next Generation Human Brain Imaging Tools and Technologies (U01 Clinical Trial not allowed) (NOT-EB-19-011). Estimated publication date of FOA: June 03, 2019. First estimated application due: September 03, 2019.

The American Psychological Foundation invites applications of its David H. And Beverly A. Barlow Grant to fund Research on Anxiety and Anxiety-Related Disorders conducted by a graduate student or early-career researcher. Application due: September 18, 2019.

NIH invites R01 applications for NIH Director’s Transformative Research Awards (RFA-RM-19-007) to fund individual scientists or groups of scientists proposing groundbreaking, exceptionally innovative, original, and/or unconventional research with the potential to create new scientific paradigms, establish entirely new and improved clinical approaches, or develop transformative technologies. Application due September 20, 2019.

The Maryland Catalyst Fund program – formerly known as the Faculty Incentive Program – is the University of Maryland’s internal faculty research support program and a key resource in the university’s overall effort to expand its research activity, visibility and impact. The program aims to enable innovative research, to incentivize the pursuit of large, complex, and high-impact research initiatives, and to increase our competitiveness for extramural research awards.

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