In a new study, UMD School of Public Health professor Stephen B. Thomas found that that 57 percent of all next-of-kin in African-American families who were cold-called agreed to brain tissue donations on the spot, as opposed to 74.1 percent of their Caucasian counterparts.
With a new collaborative study out of UMD and Cornell University, researchers look to establish dosages for leisure time experiencing nature in order to improve mental health among the highly stressed college student population.
The NIH has launched a $1 million Technology Accelerator Challenge to spur the design and development of non-invasive, handheld, digital technologies to detect, diagnose, and guide therapies for diseases with high global and public health impact. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is cooperating with NIH to accelerate the transformation of design concepts into products on a rapid timeframe for low-resource settings.
Companies like Intel and NVIDIA are currently thriving on the computing needs of deep learning technology. While most of these companies are using “Von Neumann” architecture, neuromorphic companies are pioneering a new AI paradigm that accounts for time—i.e. for the concept of spiking and the use of memories in neural connections. In this Q&A, the COO of the BrainChip company discusses neuromorphic computing and its possible futures.
New research shows how a molecular “switch” wired into the biological clocks of extreme early risers leads them to operate on a daily cycle of about 20 hours instead of a full 24-hour cycle. These new atomic-level details may help to explain how more subtle clock variations predispose people to follow different sleep patterns, and they could lead to new treatments for resetting the clock in people who struggle with sleep disorders, jet lag, or night-shift work.
So far, scientists have used 3-D printing in medicine and dentistry to create dental implants, prosthetics, and models for surgeons to practice on before they make cuts on a patient. However, many researchers have moved beyond printing with plastics and metals to print with cells that then form living human tissues. Although no one has yet printed fully functional, transplantable human organs, scientists are getting closer, making pieces of tissue that can be used to test drugs.
Traditionally, empathy is assessed through the use of questionnaires and psychological assessments. However, researchers have recently found that it is possible to assess a person’s ability to feel empathy by studying their brain activity while they are resting rather than while they are engaged in specific tasks. These findings offer an alternative to people who may have difficulty filling out questionnaires, such as people with severe mental illness or autism.
Analyzing brainwaves has been possible for nearly a century, but neuroscientists are now widening their awareness of the wealth of information brainwaves can hold about who we are. This podcast episode interviews R. Douglas Fields, Chief of the Nervous System Development and Plasticity Section at NIH and adjunct professor in the NACS program at UMD, whose research focuses on brain development, neuron-glia interactions, and the cellular mechanisms of memory.
Over the last four years, BBI has awarded seed funding to 27 teams of innovative interdisciplinary researchers from nearly 30 departments, centers, and institutes across campus. These have been extremely successful: BBI's $1.75M investment has yielded $12.5M in funding from NIH, NSF, and AFOSR.
Brief Statement of Intent: March 2, 2020 Full Proposal Deadline: March 30, 2020
Business Fundamentals for Scientists Series Speaker: Lily Griner (University of Maryland) Title: "Market Research Databases at UMD: How and Where" Date: Monday, March 2, 2020 Time: 10:00 a.m. Location: Diamondback Garage, Suite B More info
CLIP Colloquium Speaker: Han-Chin Shing (University of Maryland) Title: "A Prioritization Model for Suicidality Risk Assessment" Date: Wednesday, March 4, 2020 Time: 11:00 a.m. Location: 5105 Iribe Center More info
Developmental Science Colloquium Speaker: Mesmin Destin (Northwestern University) Title: "Putting Context First to Effectively Support Student Identities" Date: Wednesday, March 4, 2020 Time: 12:30 p.m. Location: 1107 Benjamin Building More info
Language Science Lunch Talk Series Speaker: Jo Shoemaker & Erika Exton (University of Maryland) Date: Thursday, March 5, 2020 Time: 12:30 p.m. Location: 2130 H. J. Patterson Building More info
Cognitive Science Colloquium Speaker: Kristin Lagattuta (University of California, Davis) Title: "Developing a Life History Theory of Mind: Awareness that the Mind Learns from the Past to Imagine the Future" Date: Thursday, March 5, 2020 Time: 3:30 p.m. Location: 1103 Bioscience Research Building More info
NACS Seminar Speaker: Lisa Cunningham (NIDCD) Title: "Intercellular signaling between sensory receptor cells and specialized glia in the inner ear" Date: Friday, March 6, 2020 Time: 10:15 a.m. Location: 1103 Bioscience Research Building More info
**Below is a list of recent funding announcements; a running compendium of open FOAs can be found at bbi.umd.edu/news/FOA.**
*New!* This Request for Information (NOT-OD-20-059) is intended to gather broad public input on important new directions for health-related behavioral and social science research (BSSR). Specifically, OBSSR requests your input on research directions that will support the achievement of the scientific priorities in the OBSSR Strategic Plan and that will advance or transform the broader health impact of BSSR. Responses due March 29, 2020.
*New!* The NIA invites applications (RFA-AG-21-016) for 3-year planning projects for trials in either of two age ranges (25 to 49 or 50 and greater) to determine the effects of sustained (e.g. 5-year) caloric restriction and other interventions that modify the amount, timing, or composition of nutrient intake on risk factors for aging-related conditions and mechanisms that may influence health span and longevity. Applications due July 23, 2020.